The pearl of the Indian Ocean

Sri Lanka

Discover the Enchanting Paradise: Exploring Sri Lanka’s Unforgettable Landscapes, Rich Culture, and Delicious Cuisine.

Sri Lanka Facts


  • Official Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official administrative capital), Colombo (commercial capital)
  • Population: Approximately 22 million people
  • Area: 65,610 square kilometers (25,332 square miles)
  • Official Languages: Sinhala, Tamil, and English
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
  • Time Zone: Sri Lanka Standard Time (SLST) is UTC+5:30.
  • Religion: The majority of the population follows Buddhism, while significant minorities practice Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.
  • Government: Sri Lanka is a presidential republic with a parliamentary system.
  • Major Cities: Colombo, Kandy, Galle, Jaffna, Negombo, Anuradhapura, and Trincomalee.
  • Geography: Sri Lanka is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal. It is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The landscape includes coastal plains, mountains, and central highlands.
  • Climate: Sri Lanka has a tropical climate characterized by two monsoon seasons. The southwest monsoon brings rain to the southwestern coast and central highlands from May to September, while the northeast monsoon affects the east coast and northern region from December to March.

Traveling to Sri Lanka can be an enriching and truly fulfilling experience. Here are some tips to help you make the most of your trip:

  • Respect the local culture: Sri Lanka is a predominantly Buddhist country and there are many cultural and religious customs that should be respected. For example, it’s important to dress modestly when visiting temples and remove shoes and hats before entering.
  • Bring mosquito repellent: Sri Lanka is a tropical country and there are many mosquitoes, especially in rural areas. It’s a good idea to bring mosquito repellent with you to avoid getting bitten.
  • Try the local cuisine: Sri Lankan food is delicious and unique, so don’t miss the opportunity to try it. Some must-try dishes include rice and curry, hoppers, and kottu roti.
  • Be mindful of the weather: Sri Lanka has two monsoon seasons, so it’s important to plan your trip accordingly. The southwest monsoon brings rain to the southern and western parts of the island from May to September, while the northeast monsoon affects the north and east from October to January.
  • Take public transportation: Sri Lanka has a good network of buses and trains that are cheap and convenient. Taking public transportation is a great way to experience the local culture and save money.
  • Visit the national parks: Sri Lanka is home to a variety of national parks, which are home to elephants, leopards, and other wildlife. Visiting a national park is a great way to get close to nature and experience the country’s biodiversity.
  • Be prepared for traffic: Sri Lanka’s roads can be chaotic, so be prepared for traffic and delays if you plan to drive or take a taxi. It’s also a good idea to bring motion sickness medication if you’re prone to getting car sick.
  • Respect the environment: Sri Lanka is a beautiful country, but it’s important to be mindful of the environment. Avoid littering and be respectful of the wildlife and their habitats.

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